Some women,

I grant,

would not appear to advantage seated on a pillion,

and attired in a drab joseph and a drab beaver-bonnet,

with a crown resembling a small stew-pan;

for a garment suggesting a coachman's greatcoat,

cut out under an exiguity of cloth that would only allow of miniature capes,

is not well adapted to conceal deficiencies of contour,

nor is drab a colour that will throw sallow cheeks into lively contrast.

It was all the greater triumph to Miss Nancy Lammeter's beauty that she looked thoroughly bewitching in that costume,


seated on the pillion behind her tall,

erect father,

she held one arm round him,

and looked down,

with open-eyed anxiety,

at the treacherous snow-covered pools and puddles,

which sent up formidable splashings of mud under the stamp of Dobbin's foot.

A painter would,


have preferred her in those moments when she was free from self-consciousness;

but certainly the bloom on her cheeks was at its highest point of contrast with the surrounding drab when she arrived at the door of the Red House,

and saw Mr. Godfrey Cass ready to lift her from the pillion.

She wished her sister Priscilla had come up at the same time behind the servant,

for then she would have contrived that Mr. Godfrey should have lifted off Priscilla first,


in the meantime,

she would have persuaded her father to go round to the horse-block instead of alighting at the door-steps.

It was very painful,

when you had made it quite clear to a young man that you were determined not to marry him,

however much he might wish it,

that he would still continue to pay you marked attentions;


why didn't he always show the same attentions,

if he meant them sincerely,

instead of being so strange as Mr. Godfrey Cass was,

sometimes behaving as if he didn't want to speak to her,

and taking no notice of her for weeks and weeks,

and then,

all on a sudden,

almost making love again?


it was quite plain he had no real love for her,

else he would not let people have -that- to say of him which they did say.

Did he suppose that Miss Nancy Lammeter was to be won by any man,

squire or no squire,

who led a bad life?

That was not what she had been used to see in her own father,

who was the soberest and best man in that country-side,

only a little hot and hasty now and then,

if things were not done to the minute.

All these thoughts rushed through Miss Nancy's mind,

in their habitual succession,

in the moments between her first sight of Mr. Godfrey Cass standing at the door and her own arrival there.


the Squire came out too and gave a loud greeting to her father,

so that,


under cover of this noise she seemed to find concealment for her confusion and neglect of any suitably formal behaviour,

while she was being lifted from the pillion by strong arms which seemed to find her ridiculously small and light.

And there was the best reason for hastening into the house at once,

since the snow was beginning to fall again,

threatening an unpleasant journey for such guests as were still on the road.

These were a small minority;

for already the afternoon was beginning to decline,

and there would not be too much time for the ladies who came from a distance to attire themselves in readiness for the early tea which was to inspirit them for the dance.

There was a buzz of voices through the house,

as Miss Nancy entered,

mingled with the scrape of a fiddle preluding in the kitchen;

but the Lammeters were guests whose arrival had evidently been thought of so much that it had been watched for from the windows,

for Mrs. Kimble,

who did the honours at the Red House on these great occasions,

came forward to meet Miss Nancy in the hall,

and conduct her up-stairs.

Mrs. Kimble was the Squire's sister,

as well as the doctor's wife --a double dignity,

with which her diameter was in direct proportion;

so that,

a journey up-stairs being rather fatiguing to her,

she did not oppose Miss Nancy's request to be allowed to find her way alone to the Blue Room,

where the Miss Lammeters' bandboxes had been deposited on their arrival in the morning.

There was hardly a bedroom in the house where feminine compliments were not passing and feminine toilettes going forward,

in various stages,

in space made scanty by extra beds spread upon the floor;

and Miss Nancy,

as she entered the Blue Room,

had to make her little formal curtsy to a group of six.

On the one hand,

there were ladies no less important than the two Miss Gunns,

the wine merchant's daughters from Lytherly,

dressed in the height of fashion,

with the tightest skirts and the shortest waists,

and gazed at by Miss Ladbrook (of the Old Pastures) with a shyness not unsustained by inward criticism.


Miss Ladbrook felt that her own skirt must be regarded as unduly lax by the Miss Gunns,

and partly,

that it was a pity the Miss Gunns did not show that judgment which she herself would show if she were in their place,

by stopping a little on this side of the fashion.

On the other hand,

Mrs. Ladbrook was standing in skull-cap and front,

with her turban in her hand,

curtsying and smiling blandly and saying,

"After you,


to another lady in similar circumstances,

who had politely offered the precedence at the looking-glass.

But Miss Nancy had no sooner made her curtsy than an elderly lady came forward,

whose full white muslin kerchief,

and mob-cap round her curls of smooth grey hair,

were in daring contrast with the puffed yellow satins and top-knotted caps of her neighbours.

She approached Miss Nancy with much primness,

and said,

with a slow,

treble suavity --


I hope I see you well in health."

Miss Nancy kissed her aunt's cheek dutifully,

and answered,

with the same sort of amiable primness,

"Quite well,

I thank you,


and I hope I see you the same."

"Thank you,


I keep my health for the present.

And how is my brother-in-law?"

These dutiful questions and answers were continued until it was ascertained in detail that the Lammeters were all as well as usual,

and the Osgoods likewise,

also that niece Priscilla must certainly arrive shortly,

and that travelling on pillions in snowy weather was unpleasant,

though a joseph was a great protection.

Then Nancy was formally introduced to her aunt's visitors,

the Miss Gunns,

as being the daughters of a mother known to -their- mother,

though now for the first time induced to make a journey into these parts;

and these ladies were so taken by surprise at finding such a lovely face and figure in an out-of-the-way country place,

that they began to feel some curiosity about the dress she would put on when she took off her joseph.

Miss Nancy,

whose thoughts were always conducted with the propriety and moderation conspicuous in her manners,

remarked to herself that the Miss Gunns were rather hard-featured than otherwise,

and that such very low dresses as they wore might have been attributed to vanity if their shoulders had been pretty,

but that,

being as they were,

it was not reasonable to suppose that they showed their necks from a love of display,

but rather from some obligation not inconsistent with sense and modesty.

She felt convinced,

as she opened her box,

that this must be her aunt Osgood's opinion,

for Miss Nancy's mind resembled her aunt's to a degree that everybody said was surprising,

considering the kinship was on Mr. Osgood's side;

and though you might not have supposed it from the formality of their greeting,

there was a devoted attachment and mutual admiration between aunt and niece.

Even Miss Nancy's refusal of her cousin Gilbert Osgood (on the ground solely that he was her cousin),

though it had grieved her aunt greatly,

had not in the least cooled the preference which had determined her to leave Nancy several of her hereditary ornaments,

let Gilbert's future wife be whom she might.

Three of the ladies quickly retired,

but the Miss Gunns were quite content that Mrs. Osgood's inclination to remain with her niece gave them also a reason for staying to see the rustic beauty's toilette.

And it was really a pleasure --from the first opening of the bandbox,

where everything smelt of lavender and rose-leaves,

to the clasping of the small coral necklace that fitted closely round her little white neck.

Everything belonging to Miss Nancy was of delicate purity and nattiness: not a crease was where it had no business to be,

not a bit of her linen professed whiteness without fulfilling its profession;

the very pins on her pincushion were stuck in after a pattern from which she was careful to allow no aberration;

and as for her own person,

it gave the same idea of perfect unvarying neatness as the body of a little bird.

It is true that her light-brown hair was cropped behind like a boy's,

and was dressed in front in a number of flat rings,

that lay quite away from her face;

but there was no sort of coiffure that could make Miss Nancy's cheek and neck look otherwise than pretty;

and when at last she stood complete in her silvery twilled silk,

her lace tucker,

her coral necklace,

and coral ear-drops,

the Miss Gunns could see nothing to criticise except her hands,

which bore the traces of butter-making,


and even still coarser work.

But Miss Nancy was not ashamed of that,

for even while she was dressing she narrated to her aunt how she and Priscilla had packed their boxes yesterday,

because this morning was baking morning,

and since they were leaving home,

it was desirable to make a good supply of meat-pies for the kitchen;

and as she concluded this judicious remark,

she turned to the Miss Gunns that she might not commit the rudeness of not including them in the conversation.

The Miss Gunns smiled stiffly,

and thought what a pity it was that these rich country people,

who could afford to buy such good clothes (really Miss Nancy's lace and silk were very costly),

should be brought up in utter ignorance and vulgarity.

She actually said "mate" for "meat",

"'appen" for "perhaps",

and "oss" for "horse",


to young ladies living in good Lytherly society,

who habitually said


even in domestic privacy,

and only said

'appen on the right occasions,

was necessarily shocking.

Miss Nancy,


had never been to any school higher than Dame Tedman's: her acquaintance with profane literature hardly went beyond the rhymes she had worked in her large sampler under the lamb and the shepherdess;

and in order to balance an account,

she was obliged to effect her subtraction by removing visible metallic shillings and sixpences from a visible metallic total.

There is hardly a servant-maid in these days who is not better informed than Miss Nancy;

yet she had the essential attributes of a lady --high veracity,

delicate honour in her dealings,

deference to others,

and refined personal habits,

--and lest these should not suffice to convince grammatical fair ones that her feelings can at all resemble theirs,

I will add that she was slightly proud and exacting,

and as constant in her affection towards a baseless opinion as towards an erring lover.

The anxiety about sister Priscilla,

which had grown rather active by the time the coral necklace was clasped,

was happily ended by the entrance of that cheerful-looking lady herself,

with a face made blowsy by cold and damp.

After the first questions and greetings,

she turned to Nancy,

and surveyed her from head to foot --then wheeled her round,

to ascertain that the back view was equally faultless.

"What do you think o' -these- gowns,

aunt Osgood?"

said Priscilla,

while Nancy helped her to unrobe.

"Very handsome indeed,


said Mrs. Osgood,

with a slight increase of formality.

She always thought niece Priscilla too rough.

"I'm obliged to have the same as Nancy,

you know,

for all I'm five years older,

and it makes me look yallow;

for she never -will- have anything without I have mine just like it,

because she wants us to look like sisters.

And I tell her,


'ull think it's my weakness makes me fancy as I shall look pretty in what she looks pretty in.

For I -am- ugly --there's no denying that: I feature my father's family.



I don't mind,

do you?"

Priscilla here turned to the Miss Gunns,

rattling on in too much preoccupation with the delight of talking,

to notice that her candour was not appreciated.

"The pretty uns do for fly-catchers --they keep the men off us.

I've no opinion o' the men,

Miss Gunn --I don't know what -you- have.

And as for fretting and stewing about what -they-'ll think of you from morning till night,

and making your life uneasy about what they're doing when they're out o' your sight --as I tell Nancy,

it's a folly no woman need be guilty of,

if she's got a good father and a good home: let her leave it to them as have got no fortin,

and can't help themselves.

As I say,

Mr. Have-your-own-way is the best husband,

and the only one I'd ever promise to obey.

I know it isn't pleasant,

when you've been used to living in a big way,

and managing hogsheads and all that,

to go and put your nose in by somebody else's fireside,

or to sit down by yourself to a scrag or a knuckle;


thank God!

my father's a sober man and likely to live;

and if you've got a man by the chimney-corner,

it doesn't matter if he's childish --the business needn't be broke up."

The delicate process of getting her narrow gown over her head without injury to her smooth curls,

obliged Miss Priscilla to pause in this rapid survey of life,

and Mrs. Osgood seized the opportunity of rising and saying --



you'll follow us.

The Miss Gunns will like to go down."


said Nancy,

when they were alone,

"you've offended the Miss Gunns,

I'm sure."

"What have I done,


said Priscilla,

in some alarm.


you asked them if they minded about being ugly --you're so very blunt."


did I?


it popped out: it's a mercy I said no more,

for I'm a bad un to live with folks when they don't like the truth.

But as for being ugly,

look at me,


in this silver-coloured silk --I told you how it

'ud be --I look as yallow as a daffadil.


'ud say you wanted to make a mawkin of me."



don't say so.

I begged and prayed of you not to let us have this silk if you'd like another better.

I was willing to have -your- choice,

you know I was,"

said Nancy,

in anxious self-vindication.



you know you'd set your heart on this;

and reason good,

for you're the colour o' cream.


'ud be fine doings for you to dress yourself to suit -my- skin.

What I find fault with,

is that notion o' yours as I must dress myself just like you.

But you do as you like with me --you always did,

from when first you begun to walk.

If you wanted to go the field's length,

the field's length you'd go;

and there was no whipping you,

for you looked as prim and innicent as a daisy all the while."


said Nancy,


as she fastened a coral necklace,

exactly like her own,

round Priscilla's neck,

which was very far from being like her own,

"I'm sure I'm willing to give way as far as is right,

but who shouldn't dress alike if it isn't sisters?

Would you have us go about looking as if we were no kin to one another --us that have got no mother and not another sister in the world?

I'd do what was right,

if I dressed in a gown dyed with cheese-colouring;

and I'd rather you'd choose,

and let me wear what pleases you."

"There you go again!

You'd come round to the same thing if one talked to you from Saturday night till Saturday morning.

It'll be fine fun to see how you'll master your husband and never raise your voice above the singing o' the kettle all the while.

I like to see the men mastered!"

"Don't talk -so-,


said Nancy,


"You know I don't mean ever to be married."


you never mean a fiddlestick's end!"

said Priscilla,

as she arranged her discarded dress,

and closed her bandbox.

"Who shall -I- have to work for when father's gone,

if you are to go and take notions in your head and be an old maid,

because some folks are no better than they should be?

I haven't a bit o' patience with you --sitting on an addled egg for ever,

as if there was never a fresh un in the world.

One old maid's enough out o' two sisters;

and I shall do credit to a single life,

for God A'mighty meant me for it.


we can go down now.

I'm as ready as a mawkin -can- be --there's nothing awanting to frighten the crows,

now I've got my ear-droppers in."

As the two Miss Lammeters walked into the large parlour together,

any one who did not know the character of both might certainly have supposed that the reason why the square-shouldered,


high-featured Priscilla wore a dress the facsimile of her pretty sister's,

was either the mistaken vanity of the one,

or the malicious contrivance of the other in order to set off her own rare beauty.

But the good-natured self-forgetful cheeriness and common-sense of Priscilla would soon have dissipated the one suspicion;

and the modest calm of Nancy's speech and manners told clearly of a mind free from all disavowed devices.

Places of honour had been kept for the Miss Lammeters near the head of the principal tea-table in the wainscoted parlour,

now looking fresh and pleasant with handsome branches of holly,


and laurel,

from the abundant growths of the old garden;

and Nancy felt an inward flutter,

that no firmness of purpose could prevent,

when she saw Mr. Godfrey Cass advancing to lead her to a seat between himself and Mr. Crackenthorp,

while Priscilla was called to the opposite side between her father and the Squire.

It certainly did make some difference to Nancy that the lover she had given up was the young man of quite the highest consequence in the parish --at home in a venerable and unique parlour,

which was the extremity of grandeur in her experience,

a parlour where -she- might one day have been mistress,

with the consciousness that she was spoken of as "Madam Cass",

the Squire's wife.

These circumstances exalted her inward drama in her own eyes,

and deepened the emphasis with which she declared to herself that not the most dazzling rank should induce her to marry a man whose conduct showed him careless of his character,

but that,

"love once,

love always",

was the motto of a true and pure woman,

and no man should ever have any right over her which would be a call on her to destroy the dried flowers that she treasured,

and always would treasure,

for Godfrey Cass's sake.

And Nancy was capable of keeping her word to herself under very trying conditions.

Nothing but a becoming blush betrayed the moving thoughts that urged themselves upon her as she accepted the seat next to Mr. Crackenthorp;

for she was so instinctively neat and adroit in all her actions,

and her pretty lips met each other with such quiet firmness,

that it would have been difficult for her to appear agitated.

It was not the rector's practice to let a charming blush pass without an appropriate compliment.

He was not in the least lofty or aristocratic,

but simply a merry-eyed,


grey-haired man,

with his chin propped by an ample,

many-creased white neckcloth which seemed to predominate over every other point in his person,

and somehow to impress its peculiar character on his remarks;

so that to have considered his amenities apart from his cravat would have been a severe,

and perhaps a dangerous,

effort of abstraction.


Miss Nancy,"

he said,

turning his head within his cravat and smiling down pleasantly upon her,

"when anybody pretends this has been a severe winter,

I shall tell them I saw the roses blooming on New Year's Eve --eh,


what do -you- say?"

Godfrey made no reply,

and avoided looking at Nancy very markedly;

for though these complimentary personalities were held to be in excellent taste in old-fashioned Raveloe society,

reverent love has a politeness of its own which it teaches to men otherwise of small schooling.

But the Squire was rather impatient at Godfrey's showing himself a dull spark in this way.

By this advanced hour of the day,

the Squire was always in higher spirits than we have seen him in at the breakfast-table,

and felt it quite pleasant to fulfil the hereditary duty of being noisily jovial and patronizing: the large silver snuff-box was in active service and was offered without fail to all neighbours from time to time,

however often they might have declined the favour.

At present,

the Squire had only given an express welcome to the heads of families as they appeared;

but always as the evening deepened,

his hospitality rayed out more widely,

till he had tapped the youngest guests on the back and shown a peculiar fondness for their presence,

in the full belief that they must feel their lives made happy by their belonging to a parish where there was such a hearty man as Squire Cass to invite them and wish them well.

Even in this early stage of the jovial mood,

it was natural that he should wish to supply his son's deficiencies by looking and speaking for him.



he began,

offering his snuff-box to Mr. Lammeter,

who for the second time bowed his head and waved his hand in stiff rejection of the offer,

"us old fellows may wish ourselves young to-night,

when we see the mistletoe-bough in the White Parlour.

It's true,

most things are gone back'ard in these last thirty years --the country's going down since the old king fell ill.

But when I look at Miss Nancy here,

I begin to think the lasses keep up their quality;

--ding me if I remember a sample to match her,

not when I was a fine young fellow,

and thought a deal about my pigtail.

No offence to you,


he added,

bending to Mrs. Crackenthorp,

who sat by him,

"I didn't know -you- when you were as young as Miss Nancy here."

Mrs. Crackenthorp --a small blinking woman,

who fidgeted incessantly with her lace,


and gold chain,

turning her head about and making subdued noises,

very much like a guinea-pig that twitches its nose and soliloquizes in all company indiscriminately --now blinked and fidgeted towards the Squire,

and said,


no --no offence."

This emphatic compliment of the Squire's to Nancy was felt by others besides Godfrey to have a diplomatic significance;

and her father gave a slight additional erectness to his back,

as he looked across the table at her with complacent gravity.

That grave and orderly senior was not going to bate a jot of his dignity by seeming elated at the notion of a match between his family and the Squire's: he was gratified by any honour paid to his daughter;

but he must see an alteration in several ways before his consent would be vouchsafed.

His spare but healthy person,

and high-featured firm face,

that looked as if it had never been flushed by excess,

was in strong contrast,

not only with the Squire's,

but with the appearance of the Raveloe farmers generally --in accordance with a favourite saying of his own,

that "breed was stronger than pasture".

"Miss Nancy's wonderful like what her mother was,


isn't she,


said the stout lady of that name,

looking round for her husband.

But Doctor Kimble (country apothecaries in old days enjoyed that title without authority of diploma),

being a thin and agile man,

was flitting about the room with his hands in his pockets,

making himself agreeable to his feminine patients,

with medical impartiality,

and being welcomed everywhere as a doctor by hereditary right --not one of those miserable apothecaries who canvass for practice in strange neighbourhoods,

and spend all their income in starving their one horse,

but a man of substance,

able to keep an extravagant table like the best of his patients.

Time out of mind the Raveloe doctor had been a Kimble;

Kimble was inherently a doctor's name;

and it was difficult to contemplate firmly the melancholy fact that the actual Kimble had no son,

so that his practice might one day be handed over to a successor with the incongruous name of Taylor or Johnson.

But in that case the wiser people in Raveloe would employ Dr. Blick of Flitton --as less unnatural.

"Did you speak to me,

my dear?"

said the authentic doctor,

coming quickly to his wife's side;


as if foreseeing that she would be too much out of breath to repeat her remark,

he went on immediately --"Ha,

Miss Priscilla,

the sight of you revives the taste of that super-excellent pork-pie.

I hope the batch isn't near an end."



it is,


said Priscilla;

"but I'll answer for it the next shall be as good.

My pork-pies don't turn out well by chance."

"Not as your doctoring does,



--because folks forget to take your physic,


said the Squire,

who regarded physic and doctors as many loyal churchmen regard the church and the clergy --tasting a joke against them when he was in health,

but impatiently eager for their aid when anything was the matter with him.

He tapped his box,

and looked round with a triumphant laugh.


she has a quick wit,

my friend Priscilla has,"

said the doctor,

choosing to attribute the epigram to a lady rather than allow a brother-in-law that advantage over him.

"She saves a little pepper to sprinkle over her talk --that's the reason why she never puts too much into her pies.

There's my wife now,

she never has an answer at her tongue's end;

but if I offend her,

she's sure to scarify my throat with black pepper the next day,

or else give me the colic with watery greens.

That's an awful tit-for-tat."

Here the vivacious doctor made a pathetic grimace.

"Did you ever hear the like?"

said Mrs. Kimble,

laughing above her double chin with much good-humour,

aside to Mrs. Crackenthorp,

who blinked and nodded,

and seemed to intend a smile,


by the correlation of forces,

went off in small twitchings and noises.

"I suppose that's the sort of tit-for-tat adopted in your profession,


if you've a grudge against a patient,"

said the rector.

"Never do have a grudge against our patients,"

said Mr. Kimble,

"except when they leave us: and then,

you see,

we haven't the chance of prescribing for



Miss Nancy,"

he continued,

suddenly skipping to Nancy's side,

"you won't forget your promise?

You're to save a dance for me,

you know."




don't you be too for'ard,"

said the Squire.

"Give the young uns fair-play.

There's my son Godfrey'll be wanting to have a round with you if you run off with Miss Nancy.

He's bespoke her for the first dance,

I'll be bound.



what do you say?"

he continued,

throwing himself backward,

and looking at Godfrey.

"Haven't you asked Miss Nancy to open the dance with you?"


sorely uncomfortable under this significant insistence about Nancy,

and afraid to think where it would end by the time his father had set his usual hospitable example of drinking before and after supper,

saw no course open but to turn to Nancy and say,

with as little awkwardness as possible --


I've not asked her yet,

but I hope she'll consent --if somebody else hasn't been before me."


I've not engaged myself,"

said Nancy,


though blushingly.

(If Mr. Godfrey founded any hopes on her consenting to dance with him,

he would soon be undeceived;

but there was no need for her to be uncivil.)

"Then I hope you've no objections to dancing with me,"

said Godfrey,

beginning to lose the sense that there was anything uncomfortable in this arrangement.


no objections,"

said Nancy,

in a cold tone.



you're a lucky fellow,


said uncle Kimble;

"but you're my godson,

so I won't stand in your way.

Else I'm not so very old,


my dear?"

he went on,

skipping to his wife's side again.

"You wouldn't mind my having a second after you were gone --not if I cried a good deal first?"



take a cup o' tea and stop your tongue,


said good-humoured Mrs. Kimble,

feeling some pride in a husband who must be regarded as so clever and amusing by the company generally.

If he had only not been irritable at cards!

While safe,

well-tested personalities were enlivening the tea in this way,

the sound of the fiddle approaching within a distance at which it could be heard distinctly,

made the young people look at each other with sympathetic impatience for the end of the meal.


there's Solomon in the hall,"

said the Squire,

"and playing my fav'rite tune,

-I- believe --"The flaxen-headed ploughboy" --he's for giving us a hint as we aren't enough in a hurry to hear him play.


he called out to his third long-legged son,

who was at the other end of the room,

"open the door,

and tell Solomon to come in.

He shall give us a tune here."

Bob obeyed,

and Solomon walked in,

fiddling as he walked,

for he would on no account break off in the middle of a tune.



said the Squire,

with loud patronage.

"Round here,

my man.


I knew it was "The flaxen-headed ploughboy": there's no finer tune."

Solomon Macey,

a small hale old man with an abundant crop of long white hair reaching nearly to his shoulders,

advanced to the indicated spot,

bowing reverently while he fiddled,

as much as to say that he respected the company,

though he respected the key-note more.

As soon as he had repeated the tune and lowered his fiddle,

he bowed again to the Squire and the rector,

and said,

"I hope I see your honour and your reverence well,

and wishing you health and long life and a happy New Year.

And wishing the same to you,

Mr. Lammeter,


and to the other gentlemen,

and the madams,

and the young lasses."

As Solomon uttered the last words,

he bowed in all directions solicitously,

lest he should be wanting in due respect.

But thereupon he immediately began to prelude,

and fell into the tune which he knew would be taken as a special compliment by Mr. Lammeter.

"Thank ye,


thank ye,"

said Mr. Lammeter when the fiddle paused again.

"That's "Over the hills and far away",

that is.

My father used to say to me,

whenever we heard that tune,



-I- come from over the hills and far away."

There's a many tunes I don't make head or tail of;

but that speaks to me like the blackbird's whistle.

I suppose it's the name: there's a deal in the name of a tune."

But Solomon was already impatient to prelude again,

and presently broke with much spirit into "Sir Roger de Coverley",

at which there was a sound of chairs pushed back,

and laughing voices.




we know what that means,"

said the Squire,


"It's time to begin the dance,


Lead the way,


and we'll all follow you."

So Solomon,

holding his white head on one side,

and playing vigorously,

marched forward at the head of the gay procession into the White Parlour,

where the mistletoe-bough was hung,

and multitudinous tallow candles made rather a brilliant effect,

gleaming from among the berried holly-boughs,

and reflected in the old-fashioned oval mirrors fastened in the panels of the white wainscot.

A quaint procession!

Old Solomon,

in his seedy clothes and long white locks,

seemed to be luring that decent company by the magic scream of his fiddle --luring discreet matrons in turban-shaped caps,


Mrs. Crackenthorp herself,

the summit of whose perpendicular feather was on a level with the Squire's shoulder --luring fair lasses complacently conscious of very short waists and skirts blameless of front-folds --luring burly fathers in large variegated waistcoats,

and ruddy sons,

for the most part shy and sheepish,

in short nether garments and very long coat-tails.

Already Mr. Macey and a few other privileged villagers,

who were allowed to be spectators on these great occasions,

were seated on benches placed for them near the door;

and great was the admiration and satisfaction in that quarter when the couples had formed themselves for the dance,

and the Squire led off with Mrs. Crackenthorp,

joining hands with the rector and Mrs. Osgood.

That was as it should be --that was what everybody had been used to --and the charter of Raveloe seemed to be renewed by the ceremony.

It was not thought of as an unbecoming levity for the old and middle-aged people to dance a little before sitting down to cards,

but rather as part of their social duties.

For what were these if not to be merry at appropriate times,

interchanging visits and poultry with due frequency,

paying each other old-established compliments in sound traditional phrases,

passing well-tried personal jokes,

urging your guests to eat and drink too much out of hospitality,

and eating and drinking too much in your neighbour's house to show that you liked your cheer?

And the parson naturally set an example in these social duties.

For it would not have been possible for the Raveloe mind,

without a peculiar revelation,

to know that a clergyman should be a pale-faced memento of solemnities,

instead of a reasonably faulty man whose exclusive authority to read prayers and preach,

to christen,


and bury you,

necessarily coexisted with the right to sell you the ground to be buried in and to take tithe in kind;

on which last point,

of course,

there was a little grumbling,

but not to the extent of irreligion --not of deeper significance than the grumbling at the rain,

which was by no means accompanied with a spirit of impious defiance,

but with a desire that the prayer for fine weather might be read forthwith.

There was no reason,


why the rector's dancing should not be received as part of the fitness of things quite as much as the Squire's,

or why,

on the other hand,

Mr. Macey's official respect should restrain him from subjecting the parson's performance to that criticism with which minds of extraordinary acuteness must necessarily contemplate the doings of their fallible fellow-men.

"The Squire's pretty springe,

considering his weight,"

said Mr. Macey,

"and he stamps uncommon well.

But Mr. Lammeter beats

'em all for shapes: you see he holds his head like a sodger,

and he isn't so cushiony as most o' the oldish gentlefolks --they run fat in general;

and he's got a fine leg.

The parson's nimble enough,

but he hasn't got much of a leg: it's a bit too thick down'ard,

and his knees might be a bit nearer wi'out damage;

but he might do worse,

he might do worse.

Though he hasn't that grand way o' waving his hand as the Squire has."

"Talk o' nimbleness,

look at Mrs. Osgood,"

said Ben Winthrop,

who was holding his son Aaron between his knees.

"She trips along with her little steps,

so as nobody can see how she goes --it's like as if she had little wheels to her feet.

She doesn't look a day older nor last year: she's the finest-made woman as is,

let the next be where she will."

"I don't heed how the women are made,"

said Mr. Macey,

with some contempt.

"They wear nayther coat nor breeches: you can't make much out o' their shapes."


said Aaron,

whose feet were busy beating out the tune,

"how does that big cock's-feather stick in Mrs. Crackenthorp's yead?

Is there a little hole for it,

like in my shuttle-cock?"




that's the way the ladies dress theirselves,

that is,"

said the father,



in an undertone to Mr. Macey,

"It does make her look funny,

though --partly like a short-necked bottle wi' a long quill in it.


by jingo,

there's the young Squire leading off now,

wi' Miss Nancy for partners!

There's a lass for you!

--like a pink-and-white posy --there's nobody

'ud think as anybody could be so pritty.

I shouldn't wonder if she's Madam Cass some day,

arter all --and nobody more rightfuller,

for they'd make a fine match.

You can find nothing against Master Godfrey's shapes,


-I-'ll bet a penny."

Mr. Macey screwed up his mouth,

leaned his head further on one side,

and twirled his thumbs with a presto movement as his eyes followed Godfrey up the dance.

At last he summed up his opinion.

"Pretty well down'ard,

but a bit too round i' the shoulder-blades.

And as for them coats as he gets from the Flitton tailor,

they're a poor cut to pay double money for."


Mr. Macey,

you and me are two folks,"

said Ben,

slightly indignant at this carping.

"When I've got a pot o' good ale,

I like to swaller it,

and do my inside good,

i'stead o' smelling and staring at it to see if I can't find faut wi' the brewing.

I should like you to pick me out a finer-limbed young fellow nor Master Godfrey --one as

'ud knock you down easier,


's more pleasanter-looksed when he's piert and merry."


said Mr. Macey,

provoked to increased severity,

"he isn't come to his right colour yet: he's partly like a slack-baked pie.

And I doubt he's got a soft place in his head,

else why should he be turned round the finger by that offal Dunsey as nobody's seen o' late,

and let him kill that fine hunting hoss as was the talk o' the country?

And one while he was allays after Miss Nancy,

and then it all went off again,

like a smell o' hot porridge,

as I may say.

That wasn't my way when -I- went a-coorting."


but mayhap Miss Nancy hung off,


and your lass didn't,"

said Ben.

"I should say she didn't,"

said Mr. Macey,


"Before I said "sniff",

I took care to know as she'd say "snaff",

and pretty quick too.

I wasn't a-going to open -my- mouth,

like a dog at a fly,

and snap it to again,

wi' nothing to swaller."


I think Miss Nancy's a-coming round again,"

said Ben,

"for Master Godfrey doesn't look so down-hearted to-night.

And I see he's for taking her away to sit down,

now they're at the end o' the dance: that looks like sweethearting,

that does."

The reason why Godfrey and Nancy had left the dance was not so tender as Ben imagined.

In the close press of couples a slight accident had happened to Nancy's dress,


while it was short enough to show her neat ankle in front,

was long enough behind to be caught under the stately stamp of the Squire's foot,

so as to rend certain stitches at the waist,

and cause much sisterly agitation in Priscilla's mind,

as well as serious concern in Nancy's.

One's thoughts may be much occupied with love-struggles,

but hardly so as to be insensible to a disorder in the general framework of things.

Nancy had no sooner completed her duty in the figure they were dancing than she said to Godfrey,

with a deep blush,

that she must go and sit down till Priscilla could come to her;

for the sisters had already exchanged a short whisper and an open-eyed glance full of meaning.

No reason less urgent than this could have prevailed on Nancy to give Godfrey this opportunity of sitting apart with her.

As for Godfrey,

he was feeling so happy and oblivious under the long charm of the country-dance with Nancy,

that he got rather bold on the strength of her confusion,

and was capable of leading her straight away,

without leave asked,

into the adjoining small parlour,

where the card-tables were set.

"Oh no,

thank you,"

said Nancy,


as soon as she perceived where he was going,

"not in there.

I'll wait here till Priscilla's ready to come to me.

I'm sorry to bring you out of the dance and make myself troublesome."


you'll be more comfortable here by yourself,"

said the artful Godfrey:

"I'll leave you here till your sister can come."

He spoke in an indifferent tone.

That was an agreeable proposition,

and just what Nancy desired;



was she a little hurt that Mr. Godfrey should make it?

They entered,

and she seated herself on a chair against one of the card-tables,

as the stiffest and most unapproachable position she could choose.

"Thank you,


she said immediately.

"I needn't give you any more trouble.

I'm sorry you've had such an unlucky partner."

"That's very ill-natured of you,"

said Godfrey,

standing by her without any sign of intended departure,

"to be sorry you've danced with me."




I don't mean to say what's ill-natured at all,"

said Nancy,

looking distractingly prim and pretty.

"When gentlemen have so many pleasures,

one dance can matter but very little."

"You know that isn't true.

You know one dance with you matters more to me than all the other pleasures in the world."

It was a long,

long while since Godfrey had said anything so direct as that,

and Nancy was startled.

But her instinctive dignity and repugnance to any show of emotion made her sit perfectly still,

and only throw a little more decision into her voice,

as she said --



Mr. Godfrey,

that's not known to me,

and I have very good reasons for thinking different.

But if it's true,

I don't wish to hear it."

"Would you never forgive me,


Nancy --never think well of me,

let what would happen --would you never think the present made amends for the past?

Not if I turned a good fellow,

and gave up everything you didn't like?"

Godfrey was half conscious that this sudden opportunity of speaking to Nancy alone had driven him beside himself;

but blind feeling had got the mastery of his tongue.

Nancy really felt much agitated by the possibility Godfrey's words suggested,

but this very pressure of emotion that she was in danger of finding too strong for her roused all her power of self-command.

"I should be glad to see a good change in anybody,

Mr. Godfrey,"

she answered,

with the slightest discernible difference of tone,

"but it

'ud be better if no change was wanted."

"You're very hard-hearted,


said Godfrey,


"You might encourage me to be a better fellow.

I'm very miserable --but you've no feeling."

"I think those have the least feeling that act wrong to begin with,"

said Nancy,

sending out a flash in spite of herself.

Godfrey was delighted with that little flash,

and would have liked to go on and make her quarrel with him;

Nancy was so exasperatingly quiet and firm.

But she was not indifferent to him -yet-,

though --

The entrance of Priscilla,

bustling forward and saying,

"Dear heart alive,


let us look at this gown,"

cut off Godfrey's hopes of a quarrel.

"I suppose I must go now,"

he said to Priscilla.

"It's no matter to me whether you go or stay,"

said that frank lady,

searching for something in her pocket,

with a preoccupied brow.

"Do -you- want me to go?"

said Godfrey,

looking at Nancy,

who was now standing up by Priscilla's order.

"As you like,"

said Nancy,

trying to recover all her former coldness,

and looking down carefully at the hem of her gown.

"Then I like to stay,"

said Godfrey,

with a reckless determination to get as much of this joy as he could to-night,

and think nothing of the morrow.


While Godfrey Cass was taking draughts of forgetfulness from the sweet presence of Nancy,

willingly losing all sense of that hidden bond which at other moments galled and fretted him so as to mingle irritation with the very sunshine,

Godfrey's wife was walking with slow uncertain steps through the snow-covered Raveloe lanes,

carrying her child in her arms.

This journey on New Year's Eve was a premeditated act of vengeance which she had kept in her heart ever since Godfrey,

in a fit of passion,

had told her he would sooner die than acknowledge her as his wife.

There would be a great party at the Red House on New Year's Eve,

she knew: her husband would be smiling and smiled upon,

hiding -her- existence in the darkest corner of his heart.

But she would mar his pleasure: she would go in her dingy rags,

with her faded face,

once as handsome as the best,

with her little child that had its father's hair and eyes,

and disclose herself to the Squire as his eldest son's wife.

It is seldom that the miserable can help regarding their misery as a wrong inflicted by those who are less miserable.

Molly knew that the cause of her dingy rags was not her husband's neglect,

but the demon Opium to whom she was enslaved,

body and soul,

except in the lingering mother's tenderness that refused to give him her hungry child.

She knew this well;

and yet,

in the moments of wretched unbenumbed consciousness,

the sense of her want and degradation transformed itself continually into bitterness towards Godfrey.

-He- was well off;

and if she had her rights she would be well off too.

The belief that he repented his marriage,

and suffered from it,

only aggravated her vindictiveness.

Just and self-reproving thoughts do not come to us too thickly,

even in the purest air,

and with the best lessons of heaven and earth;

how should those white-winged delicate messengers make their way to Molly's poisoned chamber,

inhabited by no higher memories than those of a barmaid's paradise of pink ribbons and gentlemen's jokes?

She had set out at an early hour,

but had lingered on the road,

inclined by her indolence to believe that if she waited under a warm shed the snow would cease to fall.

She had waited longer than she knew,

and now that she found herself belated in the snow-hidden ruggedness of the long lanes,

even the animation of a vindictive purpose could not keep her spirit from failing.

It was seven o'clock,

and by this time she was not very far from Raveloe,

but she was not familiar enough with those monotonous lanes to know how near she was to her journey's end.

She needed comfort,

and she knew but one comforter --the familiar demon in her bosom;

but she hesitated a moment,

after drawing out the black remnant,

before she raised it to her lips.

In that moment the mother's love pleaded for painful consciousness rather than oblivion --pleaded to be left in aching weariness,

rather than to have the encircling arms benumbed so that they could not feel the dear burden.

In another moment Molly had flung something away,

but it was not the black remnant --it was an empty phial.

And she walked on again under the breaking cloud,

from which there came now and then the light of a quickly veiled star,

for a freezing wind had sprung up since the snowing had ceased.

But she walked always more and more drowsily,

and clutched more and more automatically the sleeping child at her bosom.

Slowly the demon was working his will,

and cold and weariness were his helpers.

Soon she felt nothing but a supreme immediate longing that curtained off all futurity --the longing to lie down and sleep.

She had arrived at a spot where her footsteps were no longer checked by a hedgerow,

and she had wandered vaguely,

unable to distinguish any objects,

notwithstanding the wide whiteness around her,

and the growing starlight.

She sank down against a straggling furze bush,

an easy pillow enough;

and the bed of snow,


was soft.

She did not feel that the bed was cold,

and did not heed whether the child would wake and cry for her.

But her arms had not yet relaxed their instinctive clutch;

and the little one slumbered on as gently as if it had been rocked in a lace-trimmed cradle.

But the complete torpor came at last: the fingers lost their tension,

the arms unbent;

then the little head fell away from the bosom,

and the blue eyes opened wide on the cold starlight.

At first there was a little peevish cry of "mammy",

and an effort to regain the pillowing arm and bosom;

but mammy's ear was deaf,

and the pillow seemed to be slipping away backward.


as the child rolled downward on its mother's knees,

all wet with snow,

its eyes were caught by a bright glancing light on the white ground,


with the ready transition of infancy,

it was immediately absorbed in watching the bright living thing running towards it,

yet never arriving.

That bright living thing must be caught;

and in an instant the child had slipped on all-fours,

and held out one little hand to catch the gleam.

But the gleam would not be caught in that way,

and now the head was held up to see where the cunning gleam came from.

It came from a very bright place;

and the little one,

rising on its legs,

toddled through the snow,

the old grimy shawl in which it was wrapped trailing behind it,

and the queer little bonnet dangling at its back --toddled on to the open door of Silas Marner's cottage,

and right up to the warm hearth,

where there was a bright fire of logs and sticks,

which had thoroughly warmed the old sack (Silas's greatcoat) spread out on the bricks to dry.

The little one,

accustomed to be left to itself for long hours without notice from its mother,

squatted down on the sack,

and spread its tiny hands towards the blaze,

in perfect contentment,

gurgling and making many inarticulate communications to the cheerful fire,

like a new-hatched gosling beginning to find itself comfortable.

But presently the warmth had a lulling effect,

and the little golden head sank down on the old sack,

and the blue eyes were veiled by their delicate half-transparent lids.

But where was Silas Marner while this strange visitor had come to his hearth?

He was in the cottage,

but he did not see the child.

During the last few weeks,

since he had lost his money,

he had contracted the habit of opening his door and looking out from time to time,

as if he thought that his money might be somehow coming back to him,

or that some trace,

some news of it,

might be mysteriously on the road,

and be caught by the listening ear or the straining eye.

It was chiefly at night,

when he was not occupied in his loom,

that he fell into this repetition of an act for which he could have assigned no definite purpose,

and which can hardly be understood except by those who have undergone a bewildering separation from a supremely loved object.

In the evening twilight,

and later whenever the night was not dark,

Silas looked out on that narrow prospect round the Stone-pits,

listening and gazing,

not with hope,

but with mere yearning and unrest.

This morning he had been told by some of his neighbours that it was New Year's Eve,

and that he must sit up and hear the old year rung out and the new rung in,

because that was good luck,

and might bring his money back again.

This was only a friendly Raveloe-way of jesting with the half-crazy oddities of a miser,

but it had perhaps helped to throw Silas into a more than usually excited state.

Since the on-coming of twilight he had opened his door again and again,

though only to shut it immediately at seeing all distance veiled by the falling snow.

But the last time he opened it the snow had ceased,

and the clouds were parting here and there.

He stood and listened,

and gazed for a long while --there was really something on the road coming towards him then,

but he caught no sign of it;

and the stillness and the wide trackless snow seemed to narrow his solitude,

and touched his yearning with the chill of despair.

He went in again,

and put his right hand on the latch of the door to close it --but he did not close it: he was arrested,

as he had been already since his loss,

by the invisible wand of catalepsy,

and stood like a graven image,

with wide but sightless eyes,

holding open his door,

powerless to resist either the good or the evil that might enter there.

When Marner's sensibility returned,

he continued the action which had been arrested,

and closed his door,

unaware of the chasm in his consciousness,

unaware of any intermediate change,

except that the light had grown dim,

and that he was chilled and faint.

He thought he had been too long standing at the door and looking out.

Turning towards the hearth,

where the two logs had fallen apart,

and sent forth only a red uncertain glimmer,

he seated himself on his fireside chair,

and was stooping to push his logs together,


to his blurred vision,

it seemed as if there were gold on the floor in front of the hearth.


--his own gold --brought back to him as mysteriously as it had been taken away!

He felt his heart begin to beat violently,

and for a few moments he was unable to stretch out his hand and grasp the restored treasure.

The heap of gold seemed to glow and get larger beneath his agitated gaze.

He leaned forward at last,

and stretched forth his hand;

but instead of the hard coin with the familiar resisting outline,

his fingers encountered soft warm curls.

In utter amazement,

Silas fell on his knees and bent his head low to examine the marvel: it was a sleeping child --a round,

fair thing,

with soft yellow rings all over its head.

Could this be his little sister come back to him in a dream --his little sister whom he had carried about in his arms for a year before she died,

when he was a small boy without shoes or stockings?

That was the first thought that darted across Silas's blank wonderment.

-Was- it a dream?

He rose to his feet again,

pushed his logs together,


throwing on some dried leaves and sticks,

raised a flame;

but the flame did not disperse the vision --it only lit up more distinctly the little round form of the child,

and its shabby clothing.

It was very much like his little sister.

Silas sank into his chair powerless,

under the double presence of an inexplicable surprise and a hurrying influx of memories.

How and when had the child come in without his knowledge?

He had never been beyond the door.

But along with that question,

and almost thrusting it away,

there was a vision of the old home and the old streets leading to Lantern Yard --and within that vision another,

of the thoughts which had been present with him in those far-off scenes.

The thoughts were strange to him now,

like old friendships impossible to revive;

and yet he had a dreamy feeling that this child was somehow a message come to him from that far-off life: it stirred fibres that had never been moved in Raveloe --old quiverings of tenderness --old impressions of awe at the presentiment of some Power presiding over his life;

for his imagination had not yet extricated itself from the sense of mystery in the child's sudden presence,

and had formed no conjectures of ordinary natural means by which the event could have been brought about.

But there was a cry on the hearth: the child had awaked,

and Marner stooped to lift it on his knee.

It clung round his neck,

and burst louder and louder into that mingling of inarticulate cries with "mammy" by which little children express the bewilderment of waking.

Silas pressed it to him,

and almost unconsciously uttered sounds of hushing tenderness,

while he bethought himself that some of his porridge,

which had got cool by the dying fire,

would do to feed the child with if it were only warmed up a little.

He had plenty to do through the next hour.

The porridge,

sweetened with some dry brown sugar from an old store which he had refrained from using for himself,

stopped the cries of the little one,

and made her lift her blue eyes with a wide quiet gaze at Silas,

as he put the spoon into her mouth.

Presently she slipped from his knee and began to toddle about,

but with a pretty stagger that made Silas jump up and follow her lest she should fall against anything that would hurt her.

But she only fell in a sitting posture on the ground,

and began to pull at her boots,

looking up at him with a crying face as if the boots hurt her.

He took her on his knee again,

but it was some time before it occurred to Silas's dull bachelor mind that the wet boots were the grievance,

pressing on her warm ankles.

He got them off with difficulty,

and baby was at once happily occupied with the primary mystery of her own toes,

inviting Silas,

with much chuckling,

to consider the mystery too.

But the wet boots had at last suggested to Silas that the child had been walking on the snow,

and this roused him from his entire oblivion of any ordinary means by which it could have entered or been brought into his house.

Under the prompting of this new idea,

and without waiting to form conjectures,

he raised the child in his arms,

and went to the door.

As soon as he had opened it,

there was the cry of "mammy" again,

which Silas had not heard since the child's first hungry waking.

Bending forward,

he could just discern the marks made by the little feet on the virgin snow,

and he followed their track to the furze bushes.


the little one cried again and again,

stretching itself forward so as almost to escape from Silas's arms,

before he himself was aware that there was something more than the bush before him --that there was a human body,

with the head sunk low in the furze,

and half-covered with the shaken snow.


It was after the early supper-time at the Red House,

and the entertainment was in that stage when bashfulness itself had passed into easy jollity,

when gentlemen,

conscious of unusual accomplishments,

could at length be prevailed on to dance a hornpipe,

and when the Squire preferred talking loudly,

scattering snuff,

and patting his visitors' backs,

to sitting longer at the whist-table --a choice exasperating to uncle Kimble,


being always volatile in sober business hours,

became intense and bitter over cards and brandy,

shuffled before his adversary's deal with a glare of suspicion,

and turned up a mean trump-card with an air of inexpressible disgust,

as if in a world where such things could happen one might as well enter on a course of reckless profligacy.

When the evening had advanced to this pitch of freedom and enjoyment,

it was usual for the servants,

the heavy duties of supper being well over,

to get their share of amusement by coming to look on at the dancing;

so that the back regions of the house were left in solitude.

There were two doors by which the White Parlour was entered from the hall,

and they were both standing open for the sake of air;

but the lower one was crowded with the servants and villagers,

and only the upper doorway was left free.

Bob Cass was figuring in a hornpipe,

and his father,

very proud of this lithe son,

whom he repeatedly declared to be just like himself in his young days in a tone that implied this to be the very highest stamp of juvenile merit,

was the centre of a group who had placed themselves opposite the performer,

not far from the upper door.

Godfrey was standing a little way off,

not to admire his brother's dancing,

but to keep sight of Nancy,

who was seated in the group,

near her father.

He stood aloof,

because he wished to avoid suggesting himself as a subject for the Squire's fatherly jokes in connection with matrimony and Miss Nancy Lammeter's beauty,

which were likely to become more and more explicit.

But he had the prospect of dancing with her again when the hornpipe was concluded,

and in the meanwhile it was very pleasant to get long glances at her quite unobserved.

But when Godfrey was lifting his eyes from one of those long glances,

they encountered an object as startling to him at that moment as if it had been an apparition from the dead.

It -was- an apparition from that hidden life which lies,

like a dark by-street,

behind the goodly ornamented facade that meets the sunlight and the gaze of respectable admirers.

It was his own child,

carried in Silas Marner's arms.

That was his instantaneous impression,

unaccompanied by doubt,

though he had not seen the child for months past;

and when the hope was rising that he might possibly be mistaken,

Mr. Crackenthorp and Mr. Lammeter had already advanced to Silas,

in astonishment at this strange advent.

Godfrey joined them immediately,

unable to rest without hearing every word --trying to control himself,

but conscious that if any one noticed him,

they must see that he was white-lipped and trembling.

But now all eyes at that end of the room were bent on Silas Marner;

the Squire himself had risen,

and asked angrily,

"How's this?

--what's this?

--what do you do coming in here in this way?"

"I'm come for the doctor --I want the doctor,"

Silas had said,

in the first moment,

to Mr. Crackenthorp.


what's the matter,


said the rector.

"The doctor's here;

but say quietly what you want him for."

"It's a woman,"

said Silas,

speaking low,

and half-breathlessly,

just as Godfrey came up.

"She's dead,

I think --dead in the snow at the Stone-pits --not far from my door."

Godfrey felt a great throb: there was one terror in his mind at that moment: it was,

that the woman might -not- be dead.

That was an evil terror --an ugly inmate to have found a nestling-place in Godfrey's kindly disposition;

but no disposition is a security from evil wishes to a man whose happiness hangs on duplicity.



said Mr. Crackenthorp.

"Go out into the hall there.

I'll fetch the doctor to you.

Found a woman in the snow --and thinks she's dead,"

he added,

speaking low to the Squire.

"Better say as little about it as possible: it will shock the ladies.

Just tell them a poor woman is ill from cold and hunger.

I'll go and fetch Kimble."

By this time,


the ladies had pressed forward,

curious to know what could have brought the solitary linen-weaver there under such strange circumstances,

and interested in the pretty child,


half alarmed and half attracted by the brightness and the numerous company,

now frowned and hid her face,

now lifted up her head again and looked round placably,

until a touch or a coaxing word brought back the frown,

and made her bury her face with new determination.

"What child is it?"

said several ladies at once,


among the rest,

Nancy Lammeter,

addressing Godfrey.

"I don't know --some poor woman's who has been found in the snow,

I believe,"

was the answer Godfrey wrung from himself with a terrible effort.

("After all,

-am- I certain?"

he hastened to add,


in anticipation of his own conscience.)


you'd better leave the child here,


Master Marner,"

said good-natured Mrs. Kimble,



to take those dingy clothes into contact with her own ornamented satin bodice.

"I'll tell one o' the girls to fetch it."

"No --no --I can't part with it,

I can't let it go,"

said Silas,


"It's come to me --I've a right to keep it."

The proposition to take the child from him had come to Silas quite unexpectedly,

and his speech,

uttered under a strong sudden impulse,

was almost like a revelation to himself: a minute before,

he had no distinct intention about the child.

"Did you ever hear the like?"

said Mrs. Kimble,

in mild surprise,

to her neighbour.



I must trouble you to stand aside,"

said Mr. Kimble,

coming from the card-room,

in some bitterness at the interruption,

but drilled by the long habit of his profession into obedience to unpleasant calls,

even when he was hardly sober.

"It's a nasty business turning out now,



said the Squire.

"He might ha' gone for your young fellow --the


there --what's his name?"


aye --what's the use of talking about might?"

growled uncle Kimble,

hastening out with Marner,

and followed by Mr. Crackenthorp and Godfrey.

"Get me a pair of thick boots,


will you?

And stay,

let somebody run to Winthrop's and fetch Dolly --she's the best woman to get.

Ben was here himself before supper;

is he gone?"



I met him,"

said Marner;

"but I couldn't stop to tell him anything,

only I said I was going for the doctor,

and he said the doctor was at the Squire's.

And I made haste and ran,

and there was nobody to be seen at the back o' the house,

and so I went in to where the company was."

The child,

no longer distracted by the bright light and the smiling women's faces,

began to cry and call for "mammy",

though always clinging to Marner,

who had apparently won her thorough confidence.

Godfrey had come back with the boots,

and felt the cry as if some fibre were drawn tight within him.

"I'll go,"

he said,


eager for some movement;

"I'll go and fetch the woman --Mrs. Winthrop."


pooh --send somebody else,"

said uncle Kimble,

hurrying away with Marner.

"You'll let me know if I can be of any use,


said Mr. Crackenthorp.

But the doctor was out of hearing.



had disappeared: he was gone to snatch his hat and coat,

having just reflection enough to remember that he must not look like a madman;

but he rushed out of the house into the snow without heeding his thin shoes.

In a few minutes he was on his rapid way to the Stone-pits by the side of Dolly,


though feeling that she was entirely in her place in encountering cold and snow on an errand of mercy,

was much concerned at a young gentleman's getting his feet wet under a like impulse.

"You'd a deal better go back,


said Dolly,

with respectful compassion.

"You've no call to catch cold;

and I'd ask you if you'd be so good as tell my husband to come,

on your way back --he's at the Rainbow,

I doubt --if you found him anyway sober enough to be o' use.

Or else,

there's Mrs. Snell

'ud happen send the boy up to fetch and carry,

for there may be things wanted from the doctor's."


I'll stay,

now I'm once out --I'll stay outside here,"

said Godfrey,

when they came opposite Marner's cottage.

"You can come and tell me if I can do anything."



you're very good: you've a tender heart,"

said Dolly,

going to the door.

Godfrey was too painfully preoccupied to feel a twinge of self-reproach at this undeserved praise.

He walked up and down,

unconscious that he was plunging ankle-deep in snow,

unconscious of everything but trembling suspense about what was going on in the cottage,

and the effect of each alternative on his future lot.


not quite unconscious of everything else.

Deeper down,

and half-smothered by passionate desire and dread,

there was the sense that he ought not to be waiting on these alternatives;

that he ought to accept the consequences of his deeds,

own the miserable wife,

and fulfil the claims of the helpless child.

But he had not moral courage enough to contemplate that active renunciation of Nancy as possible for him: he had only conscience and heart enough to make him for ever uneasy under the weakness that forbade the renunciation.

And at this moment his mind leaped away from all restraint toward the sudden prospect of deliverance from his long bondage.

"Is she dead?"

said the voice that predominated over every other within him.

"If she is,

I may marry Nancy;

and then I shall be a good fellow in future,

and have no secrets,

and the child --shall be taken care of somehow."

But across that vision came the other possibility --"She may live,

and then it's all up with me."

Godfrey never knew how long it was before the door of the cottage opened and Mr. Kimble came out.

He went forward to meet his uncle,

prepared to suppress the agitation he must feel,

whatever news he was to hear.

"I waited for you,

as I'd come so far,"

he said,

speaking first.


it was nonsense for you to come out: why didn't you send one of the men?

There's nothing to be done.

She's dead --has been dead for hours,

I should say."

"What sort of woman is she?"

said Godfrey,

feeling the blood rush to his face.

"A young woman,

but emaciated,

with long black hair.

Some vagrant --quite in rags.

She's got a wedding-ring on,


They must fetch her away to the workhouse to-morrow.


come along."

"I want to look at her,"

said Godfrey.

"I think I saw such a woman yesterday.

I'll overtake you in a minute or two."

Mr. Kimble went on,

and Godfrey turned back to the cottage.

He cast only one glance at the dead face on the pillow,

which Dolly had smoothed with decent care;

but he remembered that last look at his unhappy hated wife so well,

that at the end of sixteen years every line in the worn face was present to him when he told the full story of this night.

He turned immediately towards the hearth,

where Silas Marner sat lulling the child.

She was perfectly quiet now,

but not asleep --only soothed by sweet porridge and warmth into that wide-gazing calm which makes us older human beings,

with our inward turmoil,

feel a certain awe in the presence of a little child,

such as we feel before some quiet majesty or beauty in the earth or sky --before a steady glowing planet,

or a full-flowered eglantine,

or the bending trees over a silent pathway.

The wide-open blue eyes looked up at Godfrey's without any uneasiness or sign of recognition: the child could make no visible audible claim on its father;

and the father felt a strange mixture of feelings,

a conflict of regret and joy,

that the pulse of that little heart had no response for the half-jealous yearning in his own,

when the blue eyes turned away from him slowly,

and fixed themselves on the weaver's queer face,

which was bent low down to look at them,

while the small hand began to pull Marner's withered cheek with loving disfiguration.

"You'll take the child to the parish to-morrow?"

asked Godfrey,

speaking as indifferently as he could.

"Who says so?"

said Marner,


"Will they make me take her?"


you wouldn't like to keep her,

should you --an old bachelor like you?"

"Till anybody shows they've a right to take her away from me,"

said Marner.

"The mother's dead,

and I reckon it's got no father: it's a lone thing --and I'm a lone thing.

My money's gone,

I don't know where --and this is come from I don't know where.

I know nothing --I'm partly mazed."

"Poor little thing!"

said Godfrey.

"Let me give something towards finding it clothes."

He had put his hand in his pocket and found half-a-guinea,


thrusting it into Silas's hand,

he hurried out of the cottage to overtake Mr. Kimble.


I see it's not the same woman I saw,"

he said,

as he came up.

"It's a pretty little child: the old fellow seems to want to keep it;

that's strange for a miser like him.

But I gave him a trifle to help him out: the parish isn't likely to quarrel with him for the right to keep the child."


but I've seen the time when I might have quarrelled with him for it myself.

It's too late now,


If the child ran into the fire,

your aunt's too fat to overtake it: she could only sit and grunt like an alarmed sow.

But what a fool you are,


to come out in your dancing shoes and stockings in this way --and you one of the beaux of the evening,

and at your own house!

What do you mean by such freaks,

young fellow?

Has Miss Nancy been cruel,

and do you want to spite her by spoiling your pumps?"


everything has been disagreeable to-night.

I was tired to death of jigging and gallanting,

and that bother about the hornpipes.

And I'd got to dance with the other Miss Gunn,"

said Godfrey,

glad of the subterfuge his uncle had suggested to him.

The prevarication and white lies which a mind that keeps itself ambitiously pure is as uneasy under as a great artist under the false touches that no eye detects but his own,

are worn as lightly as mere trimmings when once the actions have become a lie.

Godfrey reappeared in the White Parlour with dry feet,


since the truth must be told,

with a sense of relief and gladness that was too strong for painful thoughts to struggle with.

For could he not venture now,

whenever opportunity offered,

to say the tenderest things to Nancy Lammeter --to promise her and himself that he would always be just what she would desire to see him?

There was no danger that his dead wife would be recognized: those were not days of active inquiry and wide report;

and as for the registry of their marriage,

that was a long way off,

buried in unturned pages,

away from every one's interest but his own.

Dunsey might betray him if he came back;

but Dunsey might be won to silence.

And when events turn out so much better for a man than he has had reason to dread,

is it not a proof that his conduct has been less foolish and blameworthy than it might otherwise have appeared?

When we are treated well,

we naturally begin to think that we are not altogether unmeritorious,

and that it is only just we should treat ourselves well,

and not mar our own good fortune.


after all,

would be the use of his confessing the past to Nancy Lammeter,

and throwing away his happiness?



for he felt some confidence that she loved him.

As for the child,

he would see that it was cared for: he would never forsake it;

he would do everything but own it.

Perhaps it would be just as happy in life without being owned by its father,

seeing that nobody could tell how things would turn out,

and that --is there any other reason wanted?



that the father would be much happier without owning the child.


There was a pauper's burial that week in Raveloe,

and up Kench Yard at Batherley it was known that the dark-haired woman with the fair child,

who had lately come to lodge there,

was gone away again.

That was all the express note taken that Molly had disappeared from the eyes of men.

But the unwept death which,

to the general lot,

seemed as trivial as the summer-shed leaf,

was charged with the force of destiny to certain human lives that we know of,

shaping their joys and sorrows even to the end.

Silas Marner's determination to keep the "tramp's child" was matter of hardly less surprise and iterated talk in the village than the robbery of his money.

That softening of feeling towards him which dated from his misfortune,

that merging of suspicion and dislike in a rather contemptuous pity for him as lone and crazy,

was now accompanied with a more active sympathy,

especially amongst the women.

Notable mothers,

who knew what it was to keep children "whole and sweet";

lazy mothers,

who knew what it was to be interrupted in folding their arms and scratching their elbows by the mischievous propensities of children just firm on their legs,

were equally interested in conjecturing how a lone man would manage with a two-year-old child on his hands,

and were equally ready with their suggestions: the notable chiefly telling him what he had better do,

and the lazy ones being emphatic in telling him what he would never be able to do.

Among the notable mothers,

Dolly Winthrop was the one whose neighbourly offices were the most acceptable to Marner,

for they were rendered without any show of bustling instruction.

Silas had shown her the half-guinea given to him by Godfrey,

and had asked her what he should do about getting some clothes for the child.


Master Marner,"

said Dolly,

"there's no call to buy,

no more nor a pair o' shoes;

for I've got the little petticoats as Aaron wore five years ago,

and it's ill spending the money on them baby-clothes,

for the child

'ull grow like grass i' May,

bless it --that it will."

And the same day Dolly brought her bundle,

and displayed to Marner,

one by one,

the tiny garments in their due order of succession,

most of them patched and darned,

but clean and neat as fresh-sprung herbs.

This was the introduction to a great ceremony with soap and water,

from which Baby came out in new beauty,

and sat on Dolly's knee,

handling her toes and chuckling and patting her palms together with an air of having made several discoveries about herself,

which she communicated by alternate sounds of "gug-gug-gug",

and "mammy".

The "mammy" was not a cry of need or uneasiness: Baby had been used to utter it without expecting either tender sound or touch to follow.


'ud think the angils in heaven couldn't be prettier,"

said Dolly,

rubbing the golden curls and kissing them.

"And to think of its being covered wi' them dirty rags --and the poor mother --froze to death;

but there's Them as took care of it,

and brought it to your door,

Master Marner.

The door was open,

and it walked in over the snow,

like as if it had been a little starved robin.

Didn't you say the door was open?"


said Silas,


"Yes --the door was open.

The money's gone I don't know where,

and this is come from I don't know where."

He had not mentioned to any one his unconsciousness of the child's entrance,

shrinking from questions which might lead to the fact he himself suspected --namely,

that he had been in one of his trances.


said Dolly,

with soothing gravity,

"it's like the night and the morning,

and the sleeping and the waking,

and the rain and the harvest --one goes and the other comes,

and we know nothing how nor where.

We may strive and scrat and fend,

but it's little we can do arter all --the big things come and go wi' no striving o' our'n --they do,

that they do;

and I think you're in the right on it to keep the little un,

Master Marner,

seeing as it's been sent to you,

though there's folks as thinks different.

You'll happen be a bit moithered with it while it's so little;

but I'll come,

and welcome,

and see to it for you: I've a bit o' time to spare most days,

for when one gets up betimes i' the morning,

the clock seems to stan' still tow'rt ten,

afore it's time to go about the victual.


as I say,

I'll come and see to the child for you,

and welcome."

"Thank you ...


said Silas,

hesitating a little.

"I'll be glad if you'll tell me things.


he added,


leaning forward to look at Baby with some jealousy,

as she was resting her head backward against Dolly's arm,

and eyeing him contentedly from a distance --"But I want to do things for it myself,

else it may get fond o' somebody else,

and not fond o' me.

I've been used to fending for myself in the house --I can learn,

I can learn."


to be sure,"

said Dolly,


"I've seen men as are wonderful handy wi' children.

The men are awk'ard and contrairy mostly,

God help

'em --but when the drink's out of


they aren't unsensible,

though they're bad for leeching and bandaging --so fiery and unpatient.

You see this goes first,

next the skin,"

proceeded Dolly,

taking up the little shirt,

and putting it on.


said Marner,


bringing his eyes very close,

that they might be initiated in the mysteries;

whereupon Baby seized his head with both her small arms,

and put her lips against his face with purring noises.

"See there,"

said Dolly,

with a woman's tender tact,

"she's fondest o' you.

She wants to go o' your lap,

I'll be bound.


then: take her,

Master Marner;

you can put the things on,

and then you can say as you've done for her from the first of her coming to you."

Marner took her on his lap,

trembling with an emotion mysterious to himself,

at something unknown dawning on his life.

Thought and feeling were so confused within him,

that if he had tried to give them utterance,

he could only have said that the child was come instead of the gold --that the gold had turned into the child.

He took the garments from Dolly,

and put them on under her teaching;


of course,

by Baby's gymnastics.




you take to it quite easy,

Master Marner,"

said Dolly;

"but what shall you do when you're forced to sit in your loom?

For she'll get busier and mischievouser every day --she will,

bless her.

It's lucky as you've got that high hearth i'stead of a grate,

for that keeps the fire more out of her reach: but if you've got anything as can be spilt or broke,

or as is fit to cut her fingers off,

she'll be at it --and it is but right you should know."

Silas meditated a little while in some perplexity.

"I'll tie her to the leg o' the loom,"

he said at last --"tie her with a good long strip o' something."


mayhap that'll do,

as it's a little gell,

for they're easier persuaded to sit i' one place nor the lads.

I know what the lads are;

for I've had four --four I've had,

God knows --and if you was to take and tie

'em up,

they'd make a fighting and a crying as if you was ringing the pigs.

But I'll bring you my little chair,

and some bits o' red rag and things for her to play wi';

an' she'll sit and chatter to

'em as if they was alive.


if it wasn't a sin to the lads to wish

'em made different,



I should ha' been glad for one of

'em to be a little gell;

and to think as I could ha' taught her to scour,

and mend,

and the knitting,

and everything.

But I can teach

'em this little un,

Master Marner,

when she gets old enough."

"But she'll be -my- little un,"

said Marner,

rather hastily.

"She'll be nobody else's."


to be sure;

you'll have a right to her,

if you're a father to her,

and bring her up according.


added Dolly,

coming to a point which she had determined beforehand to touch upon,

"you must bring her up like christened folks's children,

and take her to church,

and let her learn her catechise,

as my little Aaron can say off --the "I believe",

and everything,

and "hurt nobody by word or deed",

--as well as if he was the clerk.

That's what you must do,

Master Marner,

if you'd do the right thing by the orphin child."

Marner's pale face flushed suddenly under a new anxiety.

His mind was too busy trying to give some definite bearing to Dolly's words for him to think of answering her.

"And it's my belief,"

she went on,

"as the poor little creatur has never been christened,

and it's nothing but right as the parson should be spoke to;

and if you was noways unwilling,

I'd talk to Mr. Macey about it this very day.

For if the child ever went anyways wrong,

and you hadn't done your part by it,

Master Marner --'noculation,

and everything to save it from harm --it

'ud be a thorn i' your bed for ever o' this side the grave;

and I can't think as it

'ud be easy lying down for anybody when they'd got to another world,

if they hadn't done their part by the helpless children as come wi'out their own asking."

Dolly herself was disposed to be silent for some time now,

for she had spoken from the depths of her own simple belief,

and was much concerned to know whether her words would produce the desired effect on Silas.

He was puzzled and anxious,

for Dolly's word "christened" conveyed no distinct meaning to him.

He had only heard of baptism,

and had only seen the baptism of grown-up men and women.

"What is it as you mean by "christened"?"

he said at last,


"Won't folks be good to her without it?"



Master Marner,"

said Dolly,

with gentle distress and compassion.

"Had you never no father nor mother as taught you to say your prayers,

and as there's good words and good things to keep us from harm?"


said Silas,

in a low voice;

"I know a deal about that --used to,

used to.

But your ways are different: my country was a good way off."

He paused a few moments,

and then added,

more decidedly,

"But I want to do everything as can be done for the child.

And whatever's right for it i' this country,

and you think

'ull do it good,

I'll act according,

if you'll tell me."



Master Marner,"

said Dolly,

inwardly rejoiced,

"I'll ask Mr. Macey to speak to the parson about it;

and you must fix on a name for it,

because it must have a name giv' it when it's christened."

"My mother's name was Hephzibah,"

said Silas,

"and my little sister was named after her."


that's a hard name,"

said Dolly.

"I partly think it isn't a christened name."

"It's a Bible name,"

said Silas,

old ideas recurring.

"Then I've no call to speak again' it,"

said Dolly,

rather startled by Silas's knowledge on this head;

"but you see I'm no scholard,

and I'm slow at catching the words.

My husband says I'm allays like as if I was putting the haft for the handle --that's what he says --for he's very sharp,

God help him.

But it was awk'ard calling your little sister by such a hard name,

when you'd got nothing big to say,

like --wasn't it,

Master Marner?"

"We called her Eppie,"

said Silas.


if it was noways wrong to shorten the name,


'ud be a deal handier.

And so I'll go now,

Master Marner,

and I'll speak about the christening afore dark;

and I wish you the best o' luck,

and it's my belief as it'll come to you,

if you do what's right by the orphin child;

--and there's the

'noculation to be seen to;

and as to washing its bits o' things,

you need look to nobody but me,

for I can do

'em wi' one hand when I've got my suds about.


the blessed angil!

You'll let me bring my Aaron one o' these days,

and he'll show her his little cart as his father's made for him,

and the black-and-white pup as he's got a-rearing."

Baby -was- christened,

the rector deciding that a double baptism was the lesser risk to incur;

and on this occasion Silas,

making himself as clean and tidy as he could,

appeared for the first time within the church,

and shared in the observances held sacred by his neighbours.

He was quite unable,

by means of anything he heard or saw,

to identify the Raveloe religion with his old faith;

if he could at any time in his previous life have done so,

it must have been by the aid of a strong feeling ready to vibrate with sympathy,

rather than by a comparison of phrases and ideas: and now for long years that feeling had been dormant.

He had no distinct idea about the baptism and the church-going,

except that Dolly had said it was for the good of the child;

and in this way,

as the weeks grew to months,

the child created fresh and fresh links between his life and the lives from which he had hitherto shrunk continually into narrower isolation.

Unlike the gold which needed nothing,

and must be worshipped in close-locked solitude --which was hidden away from the daylight,

was deaf to the song of birds,

and started to no human tones --Eppie was a creature of endless claims and ever-growing desires,

seeking and loving sunshine,

and living sounds,

and living movements;

making trial of everything,

with trust in new joy,

and stirring the human kindness in all eyes that looked on her.

The gold had kept his thoughts in an ever-repeated circle,

leading to nothing beyond itself;

but Eppie was an object compacted of changes and hopes that forced his thoughts onward,

and carried them far away from their old eager pacing towards the same blank limit --carried them away to the new things that would come with the coming years,

when Eppie would have learned to understand how her father Silas cared for her;

and made him look for images of that time in the ties and charities that bound together the families of his neighbours.

The gold had asked that he should sit weaving longer and longer,

deafened and blinded more and more to all things except the monotony of his loom and the repetition of his web;

but Eppie called him away from his weaving,

and made him think all its pauses a holiday,

reawakening his senses with her fresh life,

even to the old winter-flies that came crawling forth in the early spring sunshine,

and warming him into joy because -she- had joy.

And when the sunshine grew strong and lasting,

so that the buttercups were thick in the meadows,

Silas might be seen in the sunny midday,

or in the late afternoon when the shadows were lengthening under the hedgerows,

strolling out with uncovered head to carry Eppie beyond the Stone-pits to where the flowers grew,

till they reached some favourite bank where he could sit down,

while Eppie toddled to pluck the flowers,

and make remarks to the winged things that murmured happily above the bright petals,

calling "Dad-dad's" attention continually by bringing him the flowers.

Then she would turn her ear to some sudden bird-note,

and Silas learned to please her by making signs of hushed stillness,

that they might listen for the note to come again: so that when it came,

she set up her small back and laughed with gurgling triumph.

Sitting on the banks in this way,

Silas began to look for the once familiar herbs again;

and as the leaves,

with their unchanged outline and markings,

lay on his palm,

there was a sense of crowding remembrances from which he turned away timidly,

taking refuge in Eppie's little world,

that lay lightly on his enfeebled spirit.

As the child's mind was growing into knowledge,

his mind was growing into memory: as her life unfolded,

his soul,

long stupefied in a cold narrow prison,

was unfolding too,

and trembling gradually into full consciousness.

It was an influence which must gather force with every new year: the tones that stirred Silas's heart grew articulate,

and called for more distinct answers;

shapes and sounds grew clearer for Eppie's eyes and ears,

and there was more that "Dad-dad" was imperatively required to notice and account for.


by the time Eppie was three years old,

she developed a fine capacity for mischief,

and for devising ingenious ways of being troublesome,

which found much exercise,

not only for Silas's patience,

but for his watchfulness and penetration.

Sorely was poor Silas puzzled on such occasions by the incompatible demands of love.

Dolly Winthrop told him that punishment was good for Eppie,

and that,

as for rearing a child without making it tingle a little in soft and safe places now and then,

it was not to be done.

"To be sure,

there's another thing you might do,

Master Marner,"

added Dolly,


"you might shut her up once i' the coal-hole.

That was what I did wi' Aaron;

for I was that silly wi' the youngest lad,

as I could never bear to smack him.

Not as I could find i' my heart to let him stay i' the coal-hole more nor a minute,

but it was enough to colly him all over,

so as he must be new washed and dressed,

and it was as good as a rod to him --that was.

But I put it upo' your conscience,

Master Marner,

as there's one of

'em you must choose --ayther smacking or the coal-hole --else she'll get so masterful,

there'll be no holding her."

Silas was impressed with the melancholy truth of this last remark;

but his force of mind failed before the only two penal methods open to him,

not only because it was painful to him to hurt Eppie,

but because he trembled at a moment's contention with her,

lest she should love him the less for it.

Let even an affectionate Goliath get himself tied to a small tender thing,

dreading to hurt it by pulling,

and dreading still more to snap the cord,

and which of the two,


will be master?

It was clear that Eppie,

with her short toddling steps,

must lead father Silas a pretty dance on any fine morning when circumstances favoured mischief.

For example.

He had wisely chosen a broad strip of linen as a means of fastening her to his loom when he was busy: it made a broad belt round her waist,

and was long enough to allow of her reaching the truckle-bed and sitting down on it,

but not long enough for her to attempt any dangerous climbing.

One bright summer's morning Silas had been more engrossed than usual in "setting up" a new piece of work,

an occasion on which his scissors were in requisition.

These scissors,

owing to an especial warning of Dolly's,

had been kept carefully out of Eppie's reach;

but the click of them had had a peculiar attraction for her ear,

and watching the results of that click,

she had derived the philosophic lesson that the same cause would produce the same effect.

Silas had seated himself in his loom,

and the noise of weaving had begun;

but he had left his scissors on a ledge which Eppie's arm was long enough to reach;

and now,

like a small mouse,

watching her opportunity,

she stole quietly from her corner,

secured the scissors,

and toddled to the bed again,

setting up her back as a mode of concealing the fact.

She had a distinct intention as to the use of the scissors;

and having cut the linen strip in a jagged but effectual manner,

in two moments she had run out at the open door where the sunshine was inviting her,

while poor Silas believed her to be a better child than usual.

It was not until he happened to need his scissors that the terrible fact burst upon him: Eppie had run out by herself --had perhaps fallen into the Stone-pit.


shaken by the worst fear that could have befallen him,

rushed out,

calling "Eppie!"

and ran eagerly about the unenclosed space,

exploring the dry cavities into which she might have fallen,

and then gazing with questioning dread at the smooth red surface of the water.

The cold drops stood on his brow.

How long had she been out?

There was one hope --that she had crept through the stile and got into the fields,

where he habitually took her to stroll.

But the grass was high in the meadow,

and there was no descrying her,

if she were there,

except by a close search that would be a trespass on Mr. Osgood's crop.


that misdemeanour must be committed;

and poor Silas,

after peering all round the hedgerows,

traversed the grass,

beginning with perturbed vision to see Eppie behind every group of red sorrel,

and to see her moving always farther off as he approached.

The meadow was searched in vain;

and he got over the stile into the next field,

looking with dying hope towards a small pond which was now reduced to its summer shallowness,

so as to leave a wide margin of good adhesive mud.



sat Eppie,

discoursing cheerfully to her own small boot,

which she was using as a bucket to convey the water into a deep hoof-mark,

while her little naked foot was planted comfortably on a cushion of olive-green mud.

A red-headed calf was observing her with alarmed doubt through the opposite hedge.

Here was clearly a case of aberration in a christened child which demanded severe treatment;

but Silas,

overcome with convulsive joy at finding his treasure again,

could do nothing but snatch her up,

and cover her with half-sobbing kisses.

It was not until he had carried her home,

and had begun to think of the necessary washing,

that he recollected the need that he should punish Eppie,

and "make her remember".

The idea that she might run away again and come to harm,

gave him unusual resolution,

and for the first time he determined to try the coal-hole --a small closet near the hearth.


naughty Eppie,"

he suddenly began,

holding her on his knee,

and pointing to her muddy feet and clothes --"naughty to cut with the scissors and run away.

Eppie must go into the coal-hole for being naughty.

Daddy must put her in the coal-hole."

He half-expected that this would be shock enough,

and that Eppie would begin to cry.

But instead of that,

she began to shake herself on his knee,

as if the proposition opened a pleasing novelty.

Seeing that he must proceed to extremities,

he put her into the coal-hole,

and held the door closed,

with a trembling sense that he was using a strong measure.

For a moment there was silence,

but then came a little cry,



and Silas let her out again,


"Now Eppie

'ull never be naughty again,

else she must go in the coal-hole --a black naughty place."

The weaving must stand still a long while this morning,

for now Eppie must be washed,

and have clean clothes on;

but it was to be hoped that this punishment would have a lasting effect,

and save time in future --though,


it would have been better if Eppie had cried more.

In half an hour she was clean again,

and Silas having turned his back to see what he could do with the linen band,

threw it down again,

with the reflection that Eppie would be good without fastening for the rest of the morning.

He turned round again,

and was going to place her in her little chair near the loom,

when she peeped out at him with black face and hands again,

and said,

"Eppie in de toal-hole!"

This total failure of the coal-hole discipline shook Silas's belief in the efficacy of punishment.

"She'd take it all for fun,"

he observed to Dolly,

"if I didn't hurt her,

and that I can't do,

Mrs. Winthrop.

If she makes me a bit o' trouble,

I can bear it.

And she's got no tricks but what she'll grow out of."


that's partly true,

Master Marner,"

said Dolly,


"and if you can't bring your mind to frighten her off touching things,

you must do what you can to keep

'em out of her way.

That's what I do wi' the pups as the lads are allays a-rearing.

They -will- worry and gnaw --worry and gnaw they will,

if it was one's Sunday cap as hung anywhere so as they could drag it.

They know no difference,

God help

'em: it's the pushing o' the teeth as sets

'em on,

that's what it is."

So Eppie was reared without punishment,

the burden of her misdeeds being borne vicariously by father Silas.

The stone hut was made a soft nest for her,

lined with downy patience: and also in the world that lay beyond the stone hut she knew nothing of frowns and denials.

Notwithstanding the difficulty of carrying her and his yarn or linen at the same time,

Silas took her with him in most of his journeys to the farmhouses,

unwilling to leave her behind at Dolly Winthrop's,

who was always ready to take care of her;

and little curly-headed Eppie,

the weaver's child,

became an object of interest at several outlying homesteads,

as well as in the village.

Hitherto he had been treated very much as if he had been a useful gnome or brownie --a queer and unaccountable creature,

who must necessarily be looked at with wondering curiosity and repulsion,

and with whom one would be glad to make all greetings and bargains as brief as possible,

but who must be dealt with in a propitiatory way,

and occasionally have a present of pork or garden stuff to carry home with him,

seeing that without him there was no getting the yarn woven.

But now Silas met with open smiling faces and cheerful questioning,

as a person whose satisfactions and difficulties could be understood.

Everywhere he must sit a little and talk about the child,

and words of interest were always ready for him:


Master Marner,

you'll be lucky if she takes the measles soon and easy!"



there isn't many lone men

'ud ha' been wishing to take up with a little un like that: but I reckon the weaving makes you handier than men as do out-door work --you're partly as handy as a woman,

for weaving comes next to spinning."

Elderly masters and mistresses,

seated observantly in large kitchen arm-chairs,

shook their heads over the difficulties attendant on rearing children,

felt Eppie's round arms and legs,

and pronounced them remarkably firm,

and told Silas that,

if she turned out well (which,


there was no telling),

it would be a fine thing for him to have a steady lass to do for him when he got helpless.

Servant maidens were fond of carrying her out to look at the hens and chickens,

or to see if any cherries could be shaken down in the orchard;

and the small boys and girls approached her slowly,

with cautious movement and steady gaze,

like little dogs face to face with one of their own kind,

till attraction had reached the point at which the soft lips were put out for a kiss.

No child was afraid of approaching Silas when Eppie was near him: there was no repulsion around him now,

either for young or old;

for the little child had come to link him once more with the whole world.

There was love between him and the child that blent them into one,

and there was love between the child and the world --from men and women with parental looks and tones,

to the red lady-birds and the round pebbles.

Silas began now to think of Raveloe life entirely in relation to Eppie: she must have everything that was a good in Raveloe;

and he listened docilely,

that he might come to understand better what this life was,

from which,

for fifteen years,

he had stood aloof as from a strange thing,

with which he could have no communion: as some man who has a precious plant to which he would give a nurturing home in a new soil,

thinks of the rain,

and the sunshine,

and all influences,

in relation to his nursling,

and asks industriously for all knowledge that will help him to satisfy the wants of the searching roots,

or to guard leaf and bud from invading harm.

The disposition to hoard had been utterly crushed at the very first by the loss of his long-stored gold: the coins he earned afterwards seemed as irrelevant as stones brought to complete a house suddenly buried by an earthquake;

the sense of bereavement was too heavy upon him for the old thrill of satisfaction to arise again at the touch of the newly-earned coin.

And now something had come to replace his hoard which gave a growing purpose to the earnings,

drawing his hope and joy continually onward beyond the money.

In old days there were angels who came and took men by the hand and led them away from the city of destruction.

We see no white-winged angels now.

But yet men are led away from threatening destruction: a hand is put into theirs,

which leads them forth gently towards a calm and bright land,

so that they look no more backward;

and the hand may be a little child's.


There was one person,

as you will believe,

who watched with keener though more hidden interest than any other,

the prosperous growth of Eppie under the weaver's care.

He dared not do anything that would imply a stronger interest in a poor man's adopted child than could be expected from the kindliness of the young Squire,

when a chance meeting suggested a little present to a simple old fellow whom others noticed with goodwill;

but he told himself that the time would come when he might do something towards furthering the welfare of his daughter without incurring suspicion.

Was he very uneasy in the meantime at his inability to give his daughter her birthright?

I cannot say that he was.

The child was being taken care of,

and would very likely be happy,

as people in humble stations often were --happier,


than those brought up in luxury.

That famous ring that pricked its owner when he forgot duty and followed desire --I wonder if it pricked very hard when he set out on the chase,

or whether it pricked but lightly then,

and only pierced to the quick when the chase had long been ended,

and hope,

folding her wings,

looked backward and became regret?

Godfrey Cass's cheek and eye were brighter than ever now.

He was so undivided in his aims,

that he seemed like a man of firmness.

No Dunsey had come back: people had made up their minds that he was gone for a soldier,

or gone "out of the country",

and no one cared to be specific in their inquiries on a subject delicate to a respectable family.

Godfrey had ceased to see the shadow of Dunsey across his path;

and the path now lay straight forward to the accomplishment of his best,

longest-cherished wishes.

Everybody said Mr. Godfrey had taken the right turn;

and it was pretty clear what would be the end of things,

for there were not many days in the week that he was not seen riding to the Warrens.

Godfrey himself,

when he was asked jocosely if the day had been fixed,

smiled with the pleasant consciousness of a lover who could say "yes",

if he liked.

He felt a reformed man,

delivered from temptation;

and the vision of his future life seemed to him as a promised land for which he had no cause to fight.

He saw himself with all his happiness centred on his own hearth,

while Nancy would smile on him as he played with the children.

And that other child --not on the hearth --he would not forget it;

he would see that it was well provided for.

That was a father's duty.